The Triumph of Faith
Psalm 56 was written by David and his sorrow at having to flee to the people of Gath when fleeing from Saul.
1 Samuel 21:10-15 (NKJV)10 Then David arose and fled that day from before Saul, and went to Achish the king of Gath.11 And the servants of Achish said to him, "Is this not David the king of the land? Did they not sing of him to one another in dances, saying: 'Saul has slain his thousands, And David his ten thousands'?"12 Now David took these words to heart, and was very much afraid of Achish the king of Gath.13 So he changed his behavior before them, feigned madness in their hands, scratched on the doors of the gate, and let his saliva fall down on his beard.14 Then Achish said to his servants, "Look, you see the man is insane. Why have you brought him to me?15 Have I need of madmen, that you have brought this fellow to play the madman in my presence? Shall this fellow come into my house?"
The psalm is described as a lament because David is expressing great sorrow in his circumstances. He complains of of enemies, and begs for mercy and help against them.
Psalm 56:1-2 (NKJV)1 Be merciful to me, O God, for man would swallow me up; Fighting all day he oppresses me.2 My enemies would hound me all day, For there are many who fight against me, O Most High.
The psalm can be described as a lament with a strong emphasis on trust in God and praise for his word.
He wants God to exact vengeance on his enemies.
He finally expresses his confidence in God to deliver him and give him victory.
Psalm 56:8-11 (NKJV)8 You number my wanderings; Put my tears into Your bottle; Are they not in Your book?9 When I cry out to You, Then my enemies will turn back; This I know, because God is for me.10 In God (I will praise His word), In the LORD (I will praise His word),11 In God I have put my trust; I will not be afraid. What can man do to me?
David sees his victory although it hasn’t come yet and he remembers that he has an obligation to praise and thank God for delivering him from oppression and death.
Psalm 56:12-13 (NKJV)12 Vows made to You are binding upon me, O God; I will render praises to You,13 For You have delivered my soul from death. Have You not kept my feet from falling, That I may walk before God In the light of the living?
Psalm 56 reminds us of the benefits we received when Jesus rescued us from the penalty of sin transferred to man because of Adam.
Romans 5:12-21 (NKJV)12 Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned--13 (For until the law sin was in the world, but sin is not imputed when there is no law.14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those who had not sinned according to the likeness of the transgression of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come.15 But the free gift is not like the offense. For if by the one man's offense many died, much more the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one Man, Jesus Christ, abounded to many.16 And the gift is not like that which came through the one who sinned. For the judgment which came from one offense resulted in condemnation, but the free gift which came from many offenses resulted in justification.17 For if by the one man's offense death reigned through the one, much more those who receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ.)18 Therefore, as through one man's offense judgment came to all men, resulting in condemnation, even so through one Man's righteous act the free gift came to all men, resulting in justification of life.19 For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so also by one Man's obedience many will be made righteous.20 Moreover the law entered that the offense might abound. But where sin abounded, grace abounded much more,21 so that as sin reigned in death, even so grace might reign through righteousness to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.
Romans 8:1 (NKJV)1 There is therefore now no condemnation to those who are in Christ Jesus, who do not walk according to the flesh, but according to the Spirit.
Romans 8:31-39 (NKJV)31 What then shall we say to these things? If God is for us, who can be against us?32 He who did not spare His own Son, but delivered Him up for us all, how shall He not with Him also freely give us all things?33 Who shall bring a charge against God's elect? It is God who justifies.34 Who is he who condemns? It is Christ who died, and furthermore is also risen, who is even at the right hand of God, who also makes intercession for us.35 Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? Shall tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword?36 As it is written: "For Your sake we are killed all day long; We are accounted as sheep for the slaughter."37 Yet in all these things we are more than conquerors through Him who loved us.38 For I am persuaded that neither death nor life, nor angels nor principalities nor powers, nor things present nor things to come,39 nor height nor depth, nor any other created thing, shall be able to separate us from the love of God which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.